|Author||Mack, Anna ; Gilbert, Robyn|
|Source/Publisher||Indigenous Justice Clearinghouse (Research Brief 11) 2011|
|Subjects||Evaluation, Program, Violence|
Violence continues to be a significant challenge for Indigenous people in Australia and New Zealand. Treatment programs for violent adult offenders have the potential to contribute significantly to reducing violent reoffending. This research brief examines literature from Australia, New Zealand, Canada, the United States, and the United Kingdom and reports on the effectiveness of programs aimed at reducing violent reoffending. It discusses risk factors for Indigenous offending, including family disruption and the experience of violence as a child, as well as trauma, discrimination and identity issues. It reports on the development of culturally specific violent offender programs, discusses various program types and evaluates their effectiveness. The brief is intended to contribute to Objective 2.4 of the Australian National Indigenous Law and Justice Framework, reducing Indigenous recidivism rates. The review reveals support for longer and more intensive programming for offenders at high risk of reoffending, and post release support to ensure that treatment gains are maintained.
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