|Author||Aboriginal Legal Service of Western Australia; Aboriginal Legal Rights Movement (SA); Victorian Aboriginal Legal Service Co-operative; Queensland Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Legal Service; North Australian Aboriginal Legal Aid Service|
|Source/Publisher||Aboriginal Legal Service of Western Australia|
|Subjects||Courts and sentencing, Criminal justice system, Customary law, Juvenile justice, Legal services|
Australia’s criminal justice system is, for the most part, the model inherited from the British justice system. This model consistently yields high rates of recidivism by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. In contrast, the Australian jurisdictions that have set up specialist Courts to deal with sentencing of Aboriginal people have yielded far lower recidivism rates – and a range of other benefits including changing behaviour and community capacity building. This paper focuses on Aboriginal Courts with the primary purpose of identifying the necessary minimum features of a successful Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander Court.
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