|Author||Symons, Martyn; Gray, Dennis; Chikritzhs, Tanya; Skov, Steven J; Saggers, Sherry; Boffa, John; Low, Jennifer|
|Source/Publisher||National Drug Research Institute; Curtin University|
|Subjects||Drugs and alcohol, Evaluation|
The aim of this project was to examine and report on the impact of various alcohol control measures on levels of alcohol consumption and related harm in Central Australia for the period 2000-2010. Specific objectives were to: describe trends in alcohol consumption in Central Australia; describe trends in key indicators of alcohol-related harm; describe key interventions aimed at reducing alcohol-related harm; identify any changes in consumption and indicators of harm and to test whether, or to what extent, these can be attributed to particular interventions or combinations of them; and, report on the implications for alcohol policy and strategies to reduce alcohol related harm. The project found that the imposition of additional alcohol control measures has made a significant contribution to the reduction of estimated per capita consumption in Central Australia. The evidence demonstrates that the most effective of these measures have been those which indirectly increased the average price per litre of alcoholic beverages and which directly increased the average price (i.e. the so-called ‘alcopops taxs’). This finding with regard to the impact of price is consistent with the international evidence over the same time period. The greatest statistically discernible impact of this reduction in consumption was a reduction in the rates of assaults and reductions in hospital separations for alcohol-attributable conditions. It also shows that price is not the only variable impacting upon levels of consumption and related-harm and that rates of some indicators are considerably greater among Indigenous than non-Indigenous residents of Central Australia. The evidence indicates that while alcohol control measures are an effective means of reducing consumption and related harm- as endorsed by Australian Governments under the National Drug Strategy- they need to be part of a comprehensive strategy that also aims to reduce harm and demand. The aim of this project was to examine and report on the impact of various alcohol control measures on levels of alcohol consumption and related harm in Central Australia for the period 2000-2010. Specific objectives included to describe the trends in alcohol consumption in Central Australia; describe trends in key indicators of alcohol-related harm; describe key interventions aimed at reducing alcohol-related harm; identify any changes in consumption and indicators of harm and to test whether, or to what extent, these can be attributed to particular interventions or combinations of them; and report on the implications for alcohol policy and strategies to reduce alcohol-related harm. The project was conducted in three overlapping stages using both quantitative and qualitative methods. It was found that the imposition of additional alcohol control measures has made a significant contribution to the reduction of estimated per capita consumption in Central Australia. (Author summary, edited).
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