Recognising Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples in the Constitution: Report of the Expert Panel


Current mulitparty support has created a historic opportunity to recognise Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples as the first peoples of Australia, to affirm their full and equal citizenship, and to remove the last vestiges of racial discrimination from the Constitution. The report sets out the Panel’s conclusions and recommendations.

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January 2012 © Commonwealth of Australia 2012 ISBN 978-1-921975-28-8 (print) ISBN 978-1-921975-29-5 (PDF) ISBN 978-1-921975-30-1 (HTML) Creative Commons licence Except where otherwise noted, all material presented in this document is provided under a Creative Commons Attribution_Non-Commercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Australia licence ( The details of the relevant licence conditions are available on the Creative Commons website (accessible using the links provided) as is the full legal code for the CC BY-NC-ND 3.0 AU licence ( This document should be attributed as: Recognising Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples in the Constitution: Report of the Expert Panel Disclaimer The material contained in this document has been developed by the Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Indigenous Australians. The views and opinions expressed in this document do not necessarily reflect the views of or have the endorsement of the Commonwealth Government or of any minister, or indicate the Commonwealth's commitment to a particular course of action. In addition, the members of the Expert Panel, the Commonwealth Government, and its employees, officers and agents accept no responsibility for any loss or liability (including reasonable legal costs and expenses) incurred or suffered where such loss or liability was caused by the infringement of intellectual property rights, including the moral rights, of any third person, including as a result of the publishing of the submissions. Inquiries Inquiries regarding the licence and any use of this document are welcome at: Group Manager, Indigenous Policy and Engagement Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs GPO Box 7576 Canberra Mail Centre ACT 2610 Email: Telephone: 1800 836 422 This document is available online at and at Editorial, design and artwork by Wilton Hanford Hanover Index by Barry Howarth Printed by Blue Star Print Canberra